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AHRC Report:

The method of killing includes aerial bombings and strafing by American-supplied Bronco planes. Sexual violence against women is also reported.

INDONESIA

Sabtu, 26 Okt 2013 15:21 WIB

AHRC Report:

Indonesia, Papua, AHRC report, military violence, Citra Prastuti

The Asian Human Rights Commission report detailed allegations of rape, murder and torture over 4,000 Papuans by the Indonesian military in the late 1970s.

Amongst those who were killed were infants and children as well as elderly people.

The method of killing includes aerial bombings and strafing by American-supplied Bronco planes.

Sexual violence against women is also reported.

Citra Prastuti talked to Basil Fernando, the policy and program director of Asian Human Rights Commission about their report.


 “It was an attempt to suppress the political movement of the people of Papua, who are struggling to get recognition for their own unique problem and looking for a political arrangement that will give them some ownership to the natural resources found in Papua.”

“All these  have been done to bring the people of Papua to a submission, to accept, to give up their political demand and to allow the Indonesian government to exploit the resources of their area without giving the benefit of those resources to them.”

Any specific kind of tortures happened that time?

“First of all from the helicopters, there had been napalm and cluster bombs thrown in these areas. The consequences of those things are very extreme for physical problems. There are instances where women were raped and they were forced to do sexual act in the presence of other people. And there were instances where the breast of the women was sliced. There were many forms of torture and violence during this period. And also, not in a large scale, but in a normal scale, that kind of violence has been continued.”

This happened under the rule of former President Suharto. Are you saying that he’s responsible for this?

“Of course Suharto is responsible for this. But under the normal law, the state is responsible. The Indonesian state is responsible to deal with all these issues, particularly by answering proper criminal inquiry into this issue and doing whatever they can to ensure justice.”

After this report, how do you expect the Indonesian government to follow up or answer it?

“Our report is a report of a civil society organisation, with volunteers. We have worked for a long time. Therefore it’s a preliminary, a fact-finding report. If you want to proceed to the next stage, there should be a professional criminal justice inquiry. All the evidence collected... and on the basis of which, the government can decide whether there is enough evidence to proceed to persecution or there’s other form of justice – like a truth commission. For example if a truth commission is appointed on this issue, thousands of Papuans will speak there. The people who have memories of what has happened, who remembered the bombing. Many of them are alive and they have very vivid memory of what happened. They will tell you what happened.

“Then so much of actions can be taken.. to pay compensation or various things. But above all, what the Indonesian government can do is at least now to set a political cause of trying to provide political arrangement within reach these people.”





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